Mahatma Gandhi was an inspiring leader whose nonviolent resistance to British colonial rule in India is the only independence struggle in world history. The story of this great man is heroic and establishes the noble values of nonviolence and truth. Gandhiji was honored with the title of “Mahatma” for being a shining example of nonviolence in the twentieth century.
|The Life of Mahatma Gandhi – Commemorative Dates|
|South Africa – Civil rights activist||1893 – 1914|
|The Indian War of Independence||1915 – 1947|
|Khilafat Movement||1919 – 1924|
|Movement without cooperation||1920 – 1922|
|Leave India” movement||1942|
|Independence of India||1947|
|The assassination of Gandhi||1948|
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English: Children and students looking for a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi can visit this page. On this page you will find an essay of 200-500 words about Mahatma Gandhi. The following Gandhi essay is intended for all students in the classroom. Read on for more information about the Mahatma Gandhi essay.
A 500-word essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi: Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a famous freedom fighter in India. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. Mahatma Gandhi’s father was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and his mother Puteitbai Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi married Kasturbhai Mahanji Kapadia in May 1883. The couple had 4 sons – Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi and Devdas Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi is also known as “Father of the Nation” and “Bapu” in India. To commemorate Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to the development of the country, October 2 has been declared a national holiday in India. On the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, “Gandhi Jayanti” is celebrated every year. Mahatma Gandhi was a lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist and political activist by profession. Mahatma Gandhi graduated from the Samaldas College of Arts at the University of London.
The achievements of Mahatma Gandhi
- Mahatma Gandhi traveled to South Africa as the legal representative of Indian traders in Durban. At the time, Gandhi was criticized and discriminated against because of his skin color. Mahatma Gandhi fought against racism.
- Mahatma Gandhi fought with civil disobedience in Champaran, India, Bihar: Farmers in Champaran were forced by British landowners to grow indigo plants instead of food crops. This led to poverty and famine. Mahatma Gandhi organized demonstrations against the British landowners. Eventually, the British landowners gave up their protest and agreed to increase the Champaran farmers’ crops. After this act of Mahatma Gandhi, the people of Champaran called Gandhi Mahatma, which means “Great Soul.”
- Salt March for Dandi: The British government has banned Indians from extracting or selling salt from sea water. Mahatma Gandhi walked 388 km from Ahmedabad to Dandi and thousands of Indians joined Gandhiji in the salt march. Through this act, people from all over the world recognized India’s demand for independence.
- The time to leave India had come: When World War II broke out, Mahatma Gandhi and other freedom fighters fought for democratic freedom. During this period, Mahatma Gandhi declared that it was time to leave India, which meant the end of British rule. With this moment, Mahatma Gandhi proved that India could no longer be ruled by the British.
- Helping India gain freedom: India gained independence on August 15, 1947. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the most important leaders who fought for India’s freedom.
Mahatma Gandhi also did many things for the nation. He also fought for many issues like untouchability, equality, racism and many others. It is also a great honor that Mahatma Gandhi’s birth day was declared as the International Day of Nonviolence by the United States. Mahatma Gandhi has also received several awards and honors and has also written several books. His tragic death on January 30, 1948 left the entire nation in mourning. Mahatma Gandhi will always live on in the hearts and minds of all Indians as he played an important role in the struggle for India’s independence.
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Frequently asked questions about the Mahatma Gandhi Essay
Below are the most frequently asked questions about the Gandhiji Essay:
1. What was Gandhi’s famous phrase?
Here are some famous lines from Mahatma Gandhi:
- “Live as if you are going to die tomorrow. Learn to live as if you are destined to live forever.
- “The greatness of humanity lies not in being human, but in being human.”
- “Gently, you can shake the world.”
- “Change your clothes – you’re in control.”
- “I won’t let anyone put their dirty paws in my head.”
- “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the property of the strong.
What were Gandhi’s four principles?
A. Truth, non-violence, service and Swaraj are Gandhi’s four principles.
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In India, Gandhi is known as the Bapuji and Father of the Nation. His birth anniversary falls on October 2 and is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday in India. On the same day, the International Day of Nonviolence is also celebrated, as Mahatma Gandhi was a pioneer of nonviolence in world history.
The beginning of Mahatma Gandhi – school and diploma.
Bapuji was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in Porbandar, Gujarat. His parents were Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi. As a child, he was strongly influenced by the stories of Shravana and Harishandra, which evoked the importance of truth and love.
|– At the age of thirteen, Mohandas married Kasturba Mahanji.
– He graduated after the wedding.
– He obtained a law degree in London, where he later practiced as a lawyer.
– Although he grew up a vegetarian, he began eating meat at an early age. When he lived in London, he joined the Vegetarian Society.
– At that time he began to read the writings of the Bhagavad Gita, which had a tremendous impact on his life.
Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to South Africa
When Gandhi returned to India, he tried to find work as a lawyer. In 1893, a wealthy merchant invited him to work as a lawyer in South Africa. Accepting this offer was a major turning point in his life.
Gandhi witnessed racial discrimination in South Africa. After being repeatedly humiliated, he decided to stand up for his rights. He soon became an activist who stood up for Indians and other minorities in South Africa. In 1894, he also founded the Indian Congress of Natal.
At that time he was under the influence of Satyagraha, that is, devotion to the truth. He also began leading nonviolent demonstrations in 1906. He returned to India in 1915, a changed man, having fought for the civil rights of minorities in South Africa.
Gandhi as a lawyer in South Africa
Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress
Mahatma Gandhi was invited to join the Indian National Congress (INC) by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a prominent leader who fought for India’s independence from British rule. Under his mentorship, Gandhi led many agitations/satiyagras. In 1920, he took over the leadership of the INC.
Gandhi led much restlessness / Satyagraha
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Here are some of the popular uprisings led by Gandhi:
|– In 1917, Gandhi led the Satyagraha Champaran to oppose the British forcing farmers to grow indigo in the villages of Champaran Bihar district. The farmers were also forced to sell their produce at low prices. As a result, they could not grow food on their own land.
– Gandhi visited villages and talked to peasants. He was able to get a clear picture of their problems. He realized that the ignorance of the peasants was the main cause of their oppression. He took measures to improve their education and economic situation.
– When the government learned of Gandhi’s influence, it invited him to join its committee. A few months later, the “champenoise” Agriculture Act was passed, leading to a series of reforms to improve the situation of farmers.
|– The Kheda Satyagraha was a major revolt against British taxation in Kheda, Gujarat.
– In 1918, a famine destroyed the agricultural economy of the region. Famine and epidemics such as cholera and plague were the order of the day.
– The Satyagraha of Kheda was led by Sardar Vallabhai Patel and his colleagues. People from all communities came together to fight against tax laws.
– The Gujarat Sabha led the revolt and Mahatma Gandhi stepped to the fore as the spiritual leader of the cause.
– When people stopped paying taxes, the government tried to confiscate their property. Without any resistance, farmers donated their properties to Gujarat Sabha.
– The government had to agree to suspend the tax system for two years and all confiscated properties were returned to the peasants.
|– The Khilafat movement (1919-1924) was an uprising of Muslims and Indian nationalists.
– This movement aimed to put pressure on the British government to maintain the Ottoman sultan’s authority as Islamic caliph after World War I.
– The leaders of the movement were Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali, who were newspaper editors in Delhi. Abdul Kalam Azad, Maulana Abdul Bari and Maulana Mahmud ul Hasan were also among the leaders of the movement.
– Mahatma Gandhi joined the Khilafat cause, gaining the support of Muslims in his fight against the British for India’s independence.
– The united Khilafat movement of the non-aligned is important because it largely reflects cooperation between Hindus and Muslims. It was also the first agitation across India against British rule.
– The British government suppressed the movement in 1921.
Movement without cooperation
|– The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922) was organized by Mahatma Gandhi to force the British government to grant Swaraj (self-government) to India. It was one of the most important acts of civil disobedience carried out by Gandhi.
– It must be a non-violent movement involving the masses.
– The movement began with a strong protest against the Jalianwalla Bagh massacre in 1919. The British government killed hundreds of Indians who had attended a peaceful gathering in the garden. The entire garden became a land of relentless bloodshed. General Dyer, who was responsible for this heinous crime, was not brought to justice.
– As part of this movement, Indians resigned their honorary offices and boycotted public schools, foreign possessions, the courts and refused to pay taxes.
– This movement was stopped by Gandhi after violent incidents occurred in various parts of the country.
Image by LoggaWiggler from Pixabay
|– The British government in India levied an excise tax on salt, which brought considerable sums of money into the state coffers.
– The government also had a monopoly on salt production.
– Mahatma Gandhi led the historic Satyagraha of salt to break the salt law.
– He walked to the coastal town of Dundee and stopped in villages to talk to farmers and educate them about the need for social reform.
– The march lasted 24 days, and the campaign grew significantly.
– Gandhi and his disciples went to the coast near Dandi and violated the salt law when they collected salt there.
– The government declared the Indian National Congress an illegal organization and arrested masses of people who participated in the Salt Satyagraha.
– When Gandhi was arrested, the government was forced to release the arrested leaders because of several demonstrations of civil disobedience.
Leave India” movement
|– The “Leave India” movement is also known as Bharat Chodo Andolan. The movement was launched in the Congress Committee of India (Bombay session) on August 8, 1942.
– The movement calls for an end to British rule in India.
– Mahatma Gandhi marked the beginning of the movement at the Goval Tank Maidan, also known as August Kranti Maidan.
– Gandhi urged the Indian people to “do it or die.”
– This led to the arrest of prominent leaders who supported the movement.
– The protests were a mixture of nonviolent and violent demonstrations.
– In September 1942, there were several bombings of Mumbai and Madhya Pradesh.
– The British did not grant India independence immediately. They wanted to end the war before a decision was made.
– India’s struggle for independence has attracted worldwide attention. Several countries pressured Britain to grant India independence.
– In 1945, the British announced a planned withdrawal of troops from the country.
Independence of India
Mahatma Gandhi did not support the partition of India. However, he must accept the British government’s proposal for the partition of India. After independence, he made his last hasty move to establish a general agreement between the two countries and Pakistan received a payment under the Partition Council agreement.
Books by Mahatma Gandhi
|Behind Swaraj||1909 Publication|
|“The story of my experiences with truth.”||Autobiography|
|Satyagraha in South Africa||Autobiography|
|Behind Swaraj||Policy Brochure|
|The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi||Published by the Indian government in the 1960s.|
Mahatma Gandhi – Murder
On January 30, 1948, the great leader succumbed to the bullets of Nathuram Godse. Godse belonged to a group of Hindu radicals who believed that India had been weakened by paying for the partition of Pakistan.
Mahatma Gandhi on the Indian banknote
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The legacy of Gandhi
The highlight of Mahatma Gandhi’s life was his practice of nonviolence, truth, simplicity, vegetarianism and faith in God. He was an inspiration to many leaders around the world.
His extraordinary life has been embodied in films, documentaries and works of art. His effigy also appears on Indian banknotes in recognition of his selfless sacrifice for the nation.
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