Wild animals and nature conservation: Essay, paper, speech, composition, paragraph
Wildlife refers to the wild animals, birds, and plants that thrive in the wild. India represents only 2% of the world’s total surface area, but more than 7.5% of animal species are known to live in India, i.e. almost 92,037 species known to date, including 61,375 insect species. It is estimated that there are about twice as many species left in India alone.
The wildlife ecosystem is self-sufficient to meet the needs of others when it is continuously functioning. They are connected by a natural food chain and there is enough biodiversity to guarantee the survival of all flora and fauna. However, as there have been many disruptions to human life in recent years, animals in the wild are under threat. The destruction of natural habitats, the degradation of ecosystems by pollution, the overexploitation of biological resources and the disruption of ecosystem dynamics by climate change are just some of the causes.
The main causes are more or less due to human activities. It was only during the colonial regime that wild animals were mercilessly hunted to show courage. Also in the past, the kings of India have hunted for their hobbies. The population of tigers and lions in India only decreased during this period.
It’s been a long time since there’s been a conscious attempt to preserve these resources. The three most important laws enacted in India are the Indian Forest Act (1927), the Wildlife Protection Act (1972), and the Forest Conservation Act (1980). The purpose of the Wildlife Act is to protect wildlife, birds, and plants, and its main purpose is to protect, reproduce or develop wildlife or the environment through national parks, nature reserves, etc. The law also provides for the establishment of a national park, a nature reserve, or a nature reserve.
The protected area is generally similar. The area varies from 0.61 to 7,818 square kilometers. Boundaries cannot be defined or fenced off. Restrictions are placed on any permitted biotic disturbance for reasons such as research or study of fauna and flora and related uses, photography, scientific research, tourism, etc. Carrying small firearms is also prohibited.
An important feature of the national park is that it is linked to the habitat of certain wild animal species such as the tiger, the lion, and so on. In contrast to the sanctuary, the boundaries are clearly demarcated. Only animals used as means of transport in the national park are prohibited. No biotic disturbance is permitted outside the buffer zone.
These measures have been taken to prevent the poaching of wild animals, which leads to their extinction. And somehow the tiger and the lion are safer in the long run. Illegal poaching is a problem that really needs to be looked at very carefully. Raising tigers, lions or most endangered species is not as fast as the shots to which the wildest animals are exposed in seconds.
These protected areas should be managed with as many people as possible who understand the value of biodiversity and its importance for nature. Biodiversity attracts foreign tourists, which brings great benefits to the tourism sector.
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- The section on wildlife and nature conservation
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