How To Become A Veterinary Doctor in India?

Nowadays, most people have pets in their homes, on their farms, etc. What happens if our pet gets sick, injured or exposed to a virus or infection? What are you going to do? Can you treat your pet? Your pet will be treated by a doctor, a veterinarian. A veterinarian specializes in treating animals that are sick or injured.

The word veterinarian comes from the Latin word veterinary, meaning working animal.

A veterinarian or veterinary surgeon is a professional who practices medicine and treats diseases, disorders and injuries in animals.

If you have a great love for animals and want to help them or take care of them, becoming a veterinarian is the best profession for you. Now the question arises: how does one become a veterinarian? What are the eligibility criteria to become a veterinarian? What types of vets are there and what kind of work do they do? How much scale is there in these areas?

The answers to the above question are below.

History of the veterinary profession.

The history of veterinary medicine dates back to ancient times, and the sage Hayagosha is considered the founder of veterinary medicine. The first college of veterinary medicine was founded in France in 1762.

Importance of the veterinarian

  • A veterinarian has a thorough knowledge of animals, their health and behavior, and their breeding.
  • Through their knowledge and skills they gain insight into the behaviour of animals and the environment in which they live.
  • Veterinarians are also responsible for the development of livestock guidelines.
  • Veterinarians are also involved in research on animals, their eating habits and behaviors.
  • They advise pet owners on animal health issues.

What does a veterinarian do?

  • A veterinarian treats diseases, disorders or injuries in animals.
  • They vaccinate against diseases such as rabies, parvovirus, etc.
  • They treat animals suffering from diseases, infections or ailments.
  • They perform operations on the animals and treat their wounds.
  • They treat fractures in animals.
  • They advise pet owners on the behaviour and ailments of their animals.
  • They take care of the health of the cattle.
  • They euthanize an animal when there is no hope of survival.
  • They conduct research into diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans.
  • They are responsible for both people and animals.

Types of veterinarians

  • Some candidates choose to become assistant professors at colleges and universities.
  • Doctors who treat cats, dogs, birds, rabbits, etc. in private clinics and hospitals are called -pet veterinarians. These doctors diagnose and treat animals, advise owners about their pet’s illness, and perform medical and surgical procedures.
  • The doctors who treat the horses are called veterinarians Equine and spend most of their time in the stables. These practitioners specialize in caring for horses because they have special training and nutritional needs.
  • Doctors who deal with animals such as poultry, pigs, cattle and sheep are called veterinarians Food animals. They spend most of their time on farms, advising farm owners and managers on animal nutrition and animal health.
  • Doctors who perform examinations and tests on animals and animal products, who provide vaccines for the treatment of animals, and who work on behalf of animals are called doctors of food safety and veterinary control.
  • Veterinarians who conduct clinical research into animal health problems and laboratory experiments on animals are called research veterinarians.

Different types of veterinarians

  • Veterinary Dermatologist
  • Veterinary Pharmacologist
  • Veterinary technician
  • Veterinarian
  • Veterinary Food Inspector
  • Veterinarian
  • Veterinary assistant
  • Associated veterinarian
  • Veterinary Neurologist

Criteria for access to the profession of veterinary surgeon

Candidates must have completed the twelfth grade. In his first year, he graduated with a degree in the sciences – physics, chemistry, biology. English may be a compulsory subject in some schools.

Earlier, the Veterinary Council of India had held the All India Pre-veterinary Test (AIPVT) for admission to the degree B.V.Sc & AH.

This test has now been completed by NEET. Therefore, candidates must be NEET qualified to apply for admission to veterinary schools.

To become a veterinarian, a candidate must earn a bachelor’s degree in veterinary medicine and animal husbandry. Some colleges do not require a bachelor’s degree for admission, while others require a set number of credit hours for admission to the program and preparatory veterinary courses in chemistry, zoology, biology and physiology.

Courses offered

Basic course:

  • Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) Year.
  • BV.Sc. Animal Production and Management
  • BV.Sc. in Veterinary Medicine, Public Health and Hygiene
  • Bachelor of Science in animal genetics and breeding.
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology.

Mastery course

Master in Veterinary Medicine (M.V.M.)

  • M.V.S. in veterinary medicine.
  • M.V.S. in veterinary pharmacology and toxicology
  • M.V.S. in veterinary surgery and radiology
  • M.S. (quality systems in the dairy industry)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (Livestock Production and Management)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (Production technology for live animals)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (Veterinary Public Health)
  • M.W.S. (animal biochemistry)
  • M.V.S. (animal biotechnology)
  • M.W.S. (animal statistics).
  • M.V.S. (Animals

Doctoral studies

  • Doctorate in veterinary medicine
  • Doctorate in veterinary pathology
  • D. in veterinary pharmacology and toxicology
  • PhD (livestock education).
  • PhD (Animal Nutrition)
  • PhD (Animal Sciences)
  • Doctor of veterinary anatomy and histology.
  • Doctorate (education in veterinary medicine)
  • D.V.A.
  • PhD (Veterinary Microbiology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Parasitology)
  • Doctorate (veterinary medicine and radiology)
  • Veterinarian
  • PhD (livestock education).
  • PhD (Animal Nutrition)
  • PhD (Animal Sciences)
  • Doctor of veterinary anatomy and histology.
  • Doctorate (education in veterinary medicine)
  • D.V.A.
  • PhD (Veterinary Microbiology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Parasitology)
  • Doctorate (veterinary pathology)
  • Doctorate (veterinary medicine and radiology)

Veterinarians’ salaries

In today’s world, there is a growing demand for a veterinarian. The average salary of a veterinarian in India can range from 5 to 8 lakhs. A veterinarian in government service can earn between $30,000 and $50,000, depending on the state and location.

Top universities in 2021

  • Hindu University of Banana.
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand.
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute – Bareilly.
  • Indian Dairy Research Institute, Karnal.
  • Veterinary College and Research Institute, Chennai.
  • College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry, Bikaner.
  • University of Mumbai, Mumbai.
  • Birza Agricultural University, Ranchi.
  • College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry, Udaipur.
  • Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Zootechnical University Chennai.
  • West Bengal University of Livestock and Fisheries, Kolkata.
  • Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat.
  • Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar.
  • Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur.
  • Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh
  • Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut.
  • Anand Agricultural University, Anand
  • Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences Kerela, University, Wayanad
  • Uday Pratap College, Varanasi.
  • Sri Venkateshwar Veterinary University, Tripura


The demand for veterinarians is increasing every day. More and more students are interested in the veterinary profession. Today it has become a respected profession. The government also requires the services of veterinarians in various organizations. Many research units and large dairy and poultry companies require the services of veterinarians.

frequently asked questions

How many years does it take to become a veterinarian in India?

Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry (B.V. Sc & AH) – 5 years.

Has nitrogen been prescribed by a veterinarian?

Hello Friend, Students who want to give public and private veterinary colleges to complete their veterinary and animal science courses must appear for NEET exams. …

How many years does it take to become a veterinarian?

Aspiring veterinarians need about eight years to complete their studies, if they spend four years at university and four years at veterinary school to obtain the degree of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine or D.V.M.

About the Author: Prateek

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